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Hoang Mai Pagoda and Princess Thieu Duong

(BGO) - Hoang Mai Pagoda in Nenh township (Viet Yen district, Bac Giang province) is also called Minh Linh Tu and Linh Quang Tu. The name of the pagoda is recorded in the annals of Hoang Mai village written by historian Nguyen Binh in the spring of the first Hong Phuc year under the reign of King Le Anh Tong (1572).

According to the history, in the past, this place was sparsely populated Hoang Ma ward (later Hoang Mai), with no pagodas and shrines. In the Thieu Binh year under the reign of King Le Thai Tong (1434-1439), in Yen Phu ward, a patriarch named Do Danh Can got married to a woman from the Nguyen family. They used fishing for their livelihood.

Hoang Mai Pagoda, Princess Thieu Duong, Bac Giang province, Minh Linh Tu, Linh Quang Tu, King Le Anh Tong, history books, great contributions

Hoang Mai Pagoda.

One day, they came to Hoang Ma and found the land here was fertile and convenient for making a living. They decided to stay in this place to set up a career. They built a small house to live in, as well as to save and help those in need. Every day, the couple always did virtuous things for their blessings and then built a small pagoda by themselves as a place to worship the Buddha.

“Birds will come to build a nest on good land”. People coming here were supported by the couple and since then Hoang Ma ward became more and more crowded. When they died, the local people worshipped them at the pagoda to remember their dedication to the village and the pagoda. In the Le Dynasty (15th century), Princess Thieu Duong continued to repair and expand the pagoda.

The annals wrote that “…One day, Thieu Duong came to the territory of Hoang Ma, she stayed in the village from noon until evening. At that time, the people here came to report to Do Cong (Do Danh Can). Do Cong saw that Thieu Duong's appearance was different from ordinary people, so he invited her to stay in the pagoda. Thieu Duong found that the people here were good, Do Cong was an honest man, and there were a small pagoda named Linh Quang where the Buddha was worshipped. Thieu Duong loved this pagoda very much, so she spent money making it bigger and more beautiful. Since then, the scene of the pagoda became more sacred and splendid. When Thieu Duong died, the king allowed the Hoang Mai people to worship her”.

Hoang Mai Pagoda is a place to worship not only the Buddha, but also Do Danh Can, who had the merits of building the pagoda and establishing the village, and Princess Thieu Duong or Princess Le Thi Ngoc Khanh, the eighth daughter of King Le Thanh Tong, who made great contributions to the people and the country in the 15th century.

According to history books, Princess Thieu Duong was the eighth daughter of King Le Thanh Tong. The annals of the Pham family in Xuan Huong (Lang Giang) also recorded "... King Le Thanh Tong of the Le Dynasty had the eight daughter Thieu Duong or Le Thi Ngoc Khanh, who came to Xuan Man (Xuan Huong) after joining the battle against the Lieu Thang invaders and died on the 22nd day of the second lunar month. She was granted land to look after and preserve the ancestors’ tombs and shrines. Previously, the eighth daughter of the king gathered troops to fight against Lieu Thang. She obeyed his father to take troops to Nghe An and other provinces together with generals to fight against the enemy. She killed the enemy’s general and seized elephants, horses and weapons, making a glorious victory... So she enjoyed worship in accordance with the state rite". At the first year of the reign of Le Hien Tong (1498), Princess Le Thi Ngoc Khanh was awarded the title of “Toi linh dai vuong”.

Thus, Hoang Mai Pagoda is a place to worship not only the Buddha, but also Do Danh Can, who had the merits of building the pagoda and establishing the village, and Princess Thieu Duong or Princess Le Thi Ngoc Khanh, the eighth daughter of King Le Thanh Tong, who made great contributions to the people and the country in the 15th century.

Hoang Mai Pagoda has been renovated, including such items as the front hall connected to the main hall, the halls worshipping ancestors and the Mother Goddesses, and the guest house. The pagoda also preserves a complete system of Buddha statues, together with documents and artifacts related to the pagoda.

 

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Hoang Mai Pagoda, Princess Thieu Duong, Bac Giang province, Minh Linh Tu, Linh Quang Tu, King Le Anh Tong, history books, great contributions
 
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