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Bac Giang locals get deep insight into national sovereignty over islands through exhibition

Locals in the northern province of Bac Giang have got an in-depth insight into the national sovereignty over seas and islands as well as the tradition of ethnic minority groups across Vietnam through photos and documents featuring Vietnam’s Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagoes and ethnic groups of Vietnam.

The exhibition, held recently at the provincial museum, also highlighted the contributions of ethnic groups and religions to the national construction and defence.

Bac Giang locals, Bac Giang province, get deep insight, national sovereignty, seas and islands,  tradition of ethnic minority groups, national construction and defence.

At the exhibition's opening ceremony.

On show are 80 images and 42 exhibits themed “Hoang Sa, Truong Sa belong to Vietnam: historical and legal evidence” presented by the Ministry of Information and Communications, together with 180 photos featuring ethnic and religious groups that the Ministry of Information and Communications presented to the provincial museum in 2020, and mementos of Bac Giang’s soldiers and civilians during wartime.

They affirm Vietnam’s sovereignty over the two archipelagos and highlight history and cultural identity of ethnic groups and Bac Giang province in particular, as well as contributions of the groups and religions in national construction and protection.

Deputy Director of the provincial Department of Culture, Sports and Tourism Nguyen Sy Cam said the event is hoped to enhance patriotism among youths.

Nguyen Phuong Anh, a student from Ngo Sy Lien Secondary School in Bac Giang city said that this is the first time she has joined an exhibition showcasing images and items featuring Hoang Sa and Truong Sa archipelagos as well as ethnic groups in Vietnam. The exhibition gave her better understanding on the national sovereignty over seas and islands as well as the traditional practices of Vietnamese ethnic groups.

Many historical documents as well as ancient Vietnamese and foreign maps have proved that Vietnam was the first country to have established sovereignty over the Hoang Sa and Truong Sa archipelagos when they were unclaimed territories.

Under the reign of King Gia Long (1802-1820) Vietnam’s sovereignty over the Hoang Sa archipelago was further strengthened.

In 1805, the King ordered a land survey from the south to the north of the country and requested the making of administrative documents on land areas, which was completed in 1836.

The King also re-established the Hoang Sa flotilla and its affiliated unit, the Bac Hai flotilla, with the aim of managing, protecting, and exploiting Hoang Sa and Truong Sa.

The activities of the Hoang Sa flotilla are recorded in the two main national history books of Vietnam under the Nguyen Dynasty: Dai Nam Thuc Luc tien bien, published in 1844, and Dai Nam Thuc Luc chinh bien, in 1848.

Other historical evidence on the management and exploitation of the two archipelagos is systematically recorded in detail in many other ancient Vietnamese bibliographies, and especially in official documents from dynasties stored at the National Archives Center No 1.

Bac Giang locals, Bac Giang province, get deep insight, national sovereignty, seas and islands,  tradition of ethnic minority groups, national construction and defence.

At the exhibition.

Recently-collected evidence of the establishment and enforcement of State sovereignty over the Hoang Sa archipelago is the birth certificate of Mai Kim Quy that states that Quy was born at 3pm on December 7, 1939, on Hoang Sa Island (Pattle Island), in the Hoang Sa archipelago. The certificate was signed and sealed by a representative of the French administrative unit based on Hoang Sa on June 28, 1940.

Historical evidence of Vietnam’s long-standing sovereignty over the two archipelagos is also recorded in many documents from foreign authors.

The above-mentioned evidence shows that Vietnam was the first country to have established and exercised sovereignty over the two archipelagos in a peaceful, open, and continuous manner and since at least the 17th century. This is also in accordance with international law and is clearly and widely recognised by the international community.

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Source: VNA

Bac Giang locals, Bac Giang province, get deep insight, national sovereignty, seas and islands, tradition of ethnic minority groups, national construction and defence.
 
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